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Road Cycling For Beginners



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Road Cycling

Road cycling for beginners is the most widespread form of cycling. It includes recreational, racing, commuting, and utility cycling. It is possible to define for road cycling for beginners too narrowly.

Roughly speaking, a cyclist is someone who rides a bikeon paved surface roads and highways – as opposed to road sidewalks, backyard landscapes, and beaches forests. You may like our folding bike guide.

Methods include walking, chaos, commuting, recreation, exercise, adventure, excursion or racing. In addition, cyclists who pedal primarily for recreation and exercise may still ride for one or more of these other reasons as well. Are road bikes faster than hybrid bikes.



Looking for the right bike



Road bikes


Road Bikes are made for riding on the pavement they have narrow tires set on wheels of 26 or 27 inches, or of a similar size known as 700C.  They have curved handlebars, and their gear systems provide up to 30 speeds. mountain biking vs road biking for exercise?

There are four major types of road bikes. Road racers weigh about 20 pounds (9 kilograms). Their lightness and short wheelbase (length from front to rear axle) enable the cyclist to make quick movements with the bike. Read the pros and cons of road bikes.


Touring Bikes



Touring bikes weigh from 23-26 pounds (10.5 to 12 kilograms). They have fenders and attachments for racks.

They also have a long wheelbase that adds stability for carrying belongings in bags called panniers.

Road/sport bikes are made for fast recreational riding and light touring. They are not as quick as racers. They weigh 22 to 25 pounds (10 to 11 kilograms).  Check out our Mountain bike beginners guide.


 Comfort Bikes


 Comfort bikes, also called cruiser bikes, are made for casual riding. They weigh 26 pounds (12 kilograms) or more. They may have one speed or several.


Hybrid Bikes


Hybrids, they are designed for road and off-road cycling. Many people ride hybrids to work or school. Hybrid tires are wider than road bike tires but narrower than mountain bike tires. Hybrids may have flat or curved handlebars. Their gear systems provide up to 27 speeds. The pros and cons of hybrid bikes.


Juvenile Bikes


Juvenile bikes are designed for children. Some are smaller versions of an adult mountain, road, and hybrid models.

Two popular types are BMX and freestyle. BMX bikes are designed for racing on dirt tracks, a sport called bike motocross. Freestyle bikes have small frames for trick riding.


Specialty Bikes


Specialty bikes have uncommon features. The tandem carries two riders, one behind the other. Each rider uses a separate set of pedals, but there is only one chain.

The riders pedal together for extra power and speed. On the recumbent, the rider leans backward and pedals with the legs stretched forward. Some recumbents have an outer shell that reduces air resistance, enabling the bike to reach speeds of more than 60 miles (100 kilometers) per hour.



Which handlebar to use?


 Now let us dive into what technically sets apart the different types of handlebars.


Straight bars


These are commonly seen on mountain bikes and hybrid vehicles. It makes it easier for the rider to steer the bike and enables fast sharp turns on rough terrain. Many road riders prefer straight bars because they position the rider upright, providing comfort. Check out the disadvantages of road cycling?

It is important to note that road cycling for beginners, a straight bar is useful if the person has too many back problems.

However, they offer a single handle and require the driver to steer only in the elbow open position, which eventually becomes tiring on long journeys.

A second grip position can be achieved by adding vertical rod ends often called “horns” to both ends of the handlebar. 


Drop bars


They extend outward and then form an inward and downward curve like a ram’s horn. These are the default style for road bikes.

Road cycling for beginners tend to choose a hybrid bike, which design as a mix of mountain and road bikes, with straight bars that, keep the rider in an upright position. This gives them more comfort. This is a good starting point if you are uncomfortable using drip sticks. Find out road cycling tips and tehniques.


How a bike works


One of the principal rules in learning road cycling for beginners is learning the basics of a bike and how it working.


Power and speed


When the rider pushes the pedals, they turn a crank. The crank has one or more sprockets (toothed wheels) called chainrings or chain wheels.




A chain fits around the chainring and extends to a similar sprocket, called a cog, on the rear wheel. As the chainring turns, it moves the chain. The moving chain turns the cog, which turns the rear wheel. This action gives the bikea forward motion.


A bicycle’s gear system helps the rider handle different situations. Low gears make it easier to pedal uphill or against the wind. They use a small chainring and a large rear cog.


With each turn of the pedals, the rear wheel rotates only a little, and the bike travels slowly.




High gears produce greater speed, especially when pedaling downhill or before a wind. The rear wheel rotates many times with each turn of the pedals. This makes pedaling harder. There are two types of gear systems.

The most common type consists of the chain, chainring, and cogs of various sizes, front and rear shifting devices called derailleurs, and two control levers and shift cables.

The levers are on the handlebar or frame. The rider shifts gears by moving either lever while pedaling. This action makes a derailleur move the chain from one chainring or cog to another.




The number of gears equals the number of chainrings multiplied by the number of cogs.

The other type of gear system has one chainring and as many as seven gears inside the rear wheel’s hub. A lever on the handlebar is used to shift gears. The rider does not need to be pedaling to shift gears.


Steering and stopping


The rider uses the handlebar to steer the bicycle, and the brakes to stop it. Most bikes have caliper brakes on both wheels.

Caliper breaks stop the bike by pressing two brake pads against the squeezing levers on the handlebar. Some bikes have coaster brakes, which the rider operates by pushing backward on the pedals.

Accessories and essential equipment for Road Cycling



There is certain important equipment that is necessary to road cycling for beginners. This gear helps the new cyclist to make cycling feel more like an easy sport for all. are road bikes good for exercise.


Water bottle


A water bottle and a frame-mounted cage are required to carry it inside. The exerciser must stay hydrated while riding.    

Spare tube


A spare inner tube of the correct size will be needed for the wheels and tires on the bicycle.


A patch kit should also be carried, when the tire punctures on the road, it may be easier to simply replace the bladder and then patch the drilled pipe at home.

Tire Tools


Most modern bikes have quick-release levers along with axles that allow you to remove your wheels from the frame without using a tool.


However, some older bikes have sturdy axles with nuts at the ends that require a wrench to loosen.


Most riders carry a small multitool that provides what is needed to loosen or tighten details and perform other road repairs.


Seat bag


There should be an underarm bag or other arrangements to carry the spare bladder, tire irons, tools, and personal items.

Mini Pump


A mini air pump is use to inflate the new tube. These pumps have a cage that can be mounted on a bikeframe. There are also CO2 cartridges that can be use instead. However, the cartridge is easy to deteriorate and is useless when the gas runs out.




Many drivers consider daylight highlights (white flashing light in the front and red flashing light in the back even in bright daylight). This is meant to increase visibility on the road. They are very important on gloomy and dark days.



A February 2017 analysis in the International Journal of Epidemiology reviewed 40 separate studies and found helmet use significantly reduced the odds of head injury.


They also found the odds of a fatal head injury to be lower when cyclists wore a helmet. However, that helmet use does not eliminate the risk of injury, but it decreases the probability of getting an injury. 


First aid kit 


While learning cycling you can face any accident in many cases. In that case, you can keep the necessary first aid kits including one time bandage, Savlon, and medicine.

Road Cycling Apparel


   The recommended cycling gear and apparel in important for road cycling for beginners. They include several clothing items that are necessary for a smooth ride.


Cycling shorts



One of the points of contact is with the saddle, making the padded bikeshorts beneficial. These are made of spandex, which is a type of synthetic fiber known for its elasticity, and thus the shorts hug the body closely.



4 Main Benefits:



Firstly, the close fit means there is no excess fabric to get wrinkled between the rider and the seat, which can chafe and lead to some saddle sores.


Secondly, the elasticity keeps the material from riding up during activity, which again eliminates chafe-causing friction.


Thirdly, the material provides support for the area of the body, which helps in battling fatigue during long rides.


Lastly, the tightness leaves no fabric to flap around in the wind and creates a situation of drag on the body while riding. The padding, which is in the crotch area of the shorts, is known as a “chamois”.


The chamois provides cushioning between the rider and the saddle, and that cushioning is more effective when it is inside the shorts rather than built into the saddle.


Additionally, the padding is designed to wick away moisture, which in return helps when the rider sweats during the ride. In addition, because today is chamois have antimicrobial properties, they help fight off the growth of bacteria in that dark, damp place.



Bike Shorts


This is also valuable to road cycling for beginners because the bikeshorts are intended to be worn without underpants or panties.

After all, the fabric of underwear bunches up during riding and defeats the purpose of the shorts.

After a few hours, the seams and the finished edges of the standard pair of briefs and the rumpled acre of extra yardage on boxers’ burrow into the rider’s flesh, giving rise to painful inflammation in the thigh region.

In addition, underpants are not antimicrobial and become soggy as the rider perspire, making them a prime environment for the development of saddle sores. Read our beginners guide to electric bikes.


Cycling gloves 


The second point of contact between the rider and the bike is the hands on the handlebars.

Most riders find it very helpful the wear fingerless gloves with padding in the palms that provides cushioning and helps to absorb the jarring from road bumps that are transmitted up the bike. Check out our hybrid guide.

The gloves also help protect the hands of the rider should they crash and extend the palms to break the fall.


 Cycling shoes


The other point of contact is the rider’s feet on the pedals. Shoes made especially for cycling have rigid soles that keep the feet from flexing, reducing the likelihood of cramping and pain, and optimizing the transfer of energy to the pedals. Find out about getting some good socks at Socks ons.

There is a lot of choices when it comes to bikeshoes, and the first decision is whether to buy a road bike or mountain bike shoes. Road bike shoes are stiffer than MTB ones and are made to work in one position, with a cleat at the bottom that clicks into the pedal in the same way a ski boot attaches to a ski. Mountain bike vs road bikes for hills.


Road Shoes


However, road shoes are so stiff as to render them impractical for walking very far. Also, due to the soft sole, the protruding clot in these shoes makes it feel like you are sticking to the bottom, just below the ball of your foot, for ease of slipping into the paddle.

If you are running or want maximum pedaling capacity. MTB shoes can also use cleats but are not required.

Although they are stiff enough to reduce leg flex, they are slightly less stiff.

However, because they were designed for mountain biking, where the rider must dismount and walk through some stretches, they have a lugged sole and are more comfortable than road shoes for walking.

What is more, the attachment point for cleats is recessed into the lugged sole, so that if the riders use cleats, they don’t protrude below the bottom surface of the shoe.

The shoes will work fine on flat pedals, but if later cleats are added, the shoes will still accept them.


Optional gear


This gear may not be necessary to road cycling for beginners but would be good to have in handy.


Bike Computer: The cyclometer, also known as the “bike computer”, is, at a minimum, the rider’s current speed, current distance, and overall mileage on the bike. Some also tell the average speed, maximum speed, elapsed time, current cadence average cadence, time, and temperature.

Lock: Depending on where you climb, you can move it to the “required” item list, but most riders will not take them or use them at every stop. The best protection is to never leave a bike where it can’t be seen.

Mirror: Not every rider considers this essential, but the ability to see traffic coming up behind without turning one’s head is valuable. Mirrors come in types that mount to the bike and others that mount to a helmet or eyeglasses.


Dietary needs for road cyclists


For beginners, the most important aspect of any road biker is that they should never be dehydrated. It is critical to carry a water bottle; a hydration bag is even preferred.


Carbohydrate needs should match training loads and the timing of meals and snacks should be planned to ensure adequate refueling, repair, and adaption. This is especially when there are multiple training sessions in a day, during high-volume training blocks.


Hydration needs for road cycling



Road cycling for beginners should always aim to drink enough fluids each day to replace fluid losses. Adapting their fluid intake to factors that affect fluid losses such as temperature, wind, sweat rate, training intensity, duration, and altitude. Having a drink with all meals and snacks and sipping on fluids regularly during training is a good start especially for beginners.


 What to eat before road cycling?


The body only has a limited supply of carbohydrates in the muscles and liver. Since carbohydrate is the main source of fuel for the body during high-intensity exercise, muscle fuel stores should be topped over in the 24-36 hours before competition to enhance endurance performance.

Depending on the length of the race, a cyclist may need a high-carbohydrate diet for 1-2 days leading into an event. This is very important for road cycling for beginners.


Fibre Foods



Choosing low fiber foods and making use of compact carbohydrate foods or liquids in the last 12-24 hours before an event is very helpful to reduce the stomach contents to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal upset.

On race day, the final pre-event meal should be eaten ~3-4 hours before the start. Foods chosen should be rich in carbohydrates and low in fat and fiber to aid digestion and prevent stomach issues.

Water is suitable for short sessions, but in long events or hot weather, sports drinks help to carbohydrates and electrolytes.

Road Bike Rules and Etiquette


Last but definitely not least, safety has always been an overshadowed topic, when it concerns road cycling.


For a safer and more enjoyable experience for road cycling for beginners, it is very important to follow a set of rules while you are on your bike.


Let us begin with something interesting!


Semaphore for cyclists


Hand signals are a vital way to communicate with any road user. Other cyclists need to know what you are doing and where you are going just as much as drivers are. Look, signal, maneuver.


–   A hand or finger (rather than an arm) pointed to one side – I am going that way e.g., to filter around this stationary traffic.

–   A finger pointed down at the road – lookout for that pothole.

–   A handheld horizontally, patting the air – slow down.



Dim the lights:


Ultra-bright lights intended for mountain biking at night can and do dazzle.

-Do not ride on the pavement.

-Avoid confrontation.


Park your bike sensibly


Locking your bike to street furniture is sometimes the only practical option when parking your bike.


Help fellow cyclists:


If you spot a cyclist who is lost or has a mechanical problem that you might be able to fix, stop and help. It is good manners and good karma. Encouraging them to keep cycling is good for you too because cycling gets safer the more cyclists there are. There is safety in numbers effect.



Be visible:


At night, that means using decent lights and reflectors, which, as far as possible, comply with Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations.

-Ride with traffic, not against it.

-Watch right turns.


Watch for drivers making a right-hand turn and remove yourself from their blind spot by moving to their left—especially if you are planning on going straight through the intersection.


Bike lanes are your best friend:


If you have bike lanes or bike paths in your city, use them! Not only are they much safer than sharing the road with cars, but they are more efficient for cyclists, too. If the lane shares a road with cars were sure to watch out for parked cars, or as mentioned above, cars turning right (or cars merging onto the road).


Watch out for car doors:


We have all known someone who was riding on the shoulder of a road when suddenly; a parked car’s door opens, inevitably causing the rider to collide with the door.


Be careful turn left


By now, you should be more than aware of the importance of following the rules of the road, and left turns are no exception.


Addition, if you choose to remain with the cars, do not forget your hand signals as you merge and turn.


Be mindful of your surroundings


Only you will know what feels right and what does not when sharing the road with vehicular traffic. If something is not OK, or you are not comfortable on a specific road, do not be afraid to pull over, stop riding and call someone to pick you up or wait until traffic clears up.

Keeping the last nine points in mind will go a long way in ensuring your safety, but not knowing your surroundings (headphones, leaving your phone and music in your backpack or jersey pocket) will eventually fall on your shoulders.




Congratulations! Now you are ready to take on the road and kick start your road-cycling journey.


Whatever your main purpose might be, cycling is an extremely beneficial activity for our health and for the environment as well.


Road cycling today is popular among people interested in improving physical fitness and reducing air pollution. Today, several communities have special bikelanes in parks and alongside streets.


Anybody who wants to start road cycling to ensure safety, the right gear, knowledge of cycling and necessary dietary needs.


Road rules must be always followed. Beginners can also invest in manuals and books to help understand road cycling better. These tips should be taken into consideration to make road cycling an enjoyable and fun experience for all road cycling for beginners.



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